In Islamic culture, every Muslim is supposed to pray 5 times a day, once during night, after sunset, before sunrise, during afternoon and at noon. The Muslims try to focus and meditate towards God during their prayers, while they recite the Quran and engage in dhikr to reassure and increase the strength between creation and God, with aim of guiding their souls towards truth. This type of meditation is aimed to maintain a method of spiritual practice and face all categories of social, work or family life that is present.
The act of prayer will prove to be the motivation and guide for conduct during remaining portion of the day, which transforms it to a single and continued mediation and they also consider sleep as another form of sustained meditation. Meditative sleeping is considered to have potential to heal and in modern terminology it will enhance creativity. Muhammad Nabi, the Islamic prophet has spent continued period of meditation and contemplation. It was during this time of mediation; Muhammad got the disclosures of Quran.
These are various schools and mediation styles as per Muslim culture,
- 1.Tadabbur or Tafakkur which literally indicates reflection on universe: it is suggested to permit access to various forms of emotional and cognitive development which could originate at higher levels from God. When you receive the sensation of divine inspiration which increases and liberates both intellect and heart, which permits the inner growth which is actually mundane and considers the quality of Infinite. The Muslim preachings consider life of a person to test one’s compliance to God.
- 2.In sufi traditions, Meditation is generally considered a spectrum of mystical exercises which vary from one ancestory to another. These techniques will be generally daring and usually down the ages, considered as a foundation of controversy among scholars. A wide group of ulema, who follow Al-Ghazzali and are commonly open to such methods to reach devotion and another group, Ibn Taymiya will totally condemn these methods as mere innovation or class of bidah.
There are various sufi traditions that emphasize the procedure for meditation in the cognitive aspect for the 2 principal approaches which is observed in Buddhist traditions which are techniques of concentration, that involve sharply focuses and high-intensity introspection. In Sufi order, Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi for instance, it’s clearly evident in which muragaba will take the form of tamarkoz which is Persian term that has meaning of concentration.